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Adaptive basal phosphorylation of eIF2α is responsible for resistance to cellular stress-induced cell death in Pten-null hepatocytes.

Molecular cancer research : MCR | December 19, 2011 |

Zeng, Ni | Li, Yang | He, Lina | Xu, Xiaoling | Galicia, Vivian | Deng, Chuxia | Stiles, Bangyan L
Zeng, Li, et al. "Adaptive basal phosphorylation of eIF2α is responsible for resistance to cellular stress-induced cell death in Pten-null hepatocytes." Molecular cancer research : MCR 9.12 (2011): 1708-17. Web.

Abstract

The α-subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2α) is a key translation regulator that plays an important role in cellular stress responses. In th ... ytes to cellular stress. In summary, our study suggested a novel role of PTEN in regulating stress response through modulating the CReP/eIF2α pathway.

The α-subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2α) is a key translation regulator that plays an important role in cellular stress responses. In the present study, we investigated how eIF2α phosphorylation can be regulated by a tumor suppressor PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10) and how such regulation is used by PTEN-deficient hepatocytes to adapt and cope with oxidative stress. We found that eIF2α was hyperphosphorylated when Pten was deleted, and this process was AKT dependent. Consistent with this finding, we found that the Pten-null cells developed resistance to oxidative glutamate and H(2)O(2)-induced cellular toxicity. We showed that the messenger level of CReP (constitutive repressor of eIF2α phosphorylation), a constitutive phosphatase of eIF2α, was downregulated in Pten-null hepatocytes, providing a possible mechanism through which PTEN/AKT pathway regulates eIF2α phosphorylation. Ectopic expression of CReP restored the sensitivity of the Pten mutant hepatocytes to oxidative stress, confirming the functional significance of the downregulated CReP and upregulated phospho-eIF2α in the resistance of Pten mutant hepatocytes to cellular stress. In summary, our study suggested a novel role of PTEN in regulating stress response through modulating the CReP/eIF2α pathway.