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Cdk2ap2 is a novel regulator for self-renewal of murine embryonic stem cells.

Stem cells and development | October 17, 2012 |

Deshpande, Amit M | Khalid, Omar | Kim, Jeffrey J | Kim, Yong | Lindgren, Anne | Clark, Amander T | Wong, David T W
Deshpande, Khalid, et al. "Cdk2ap2 is a novel regulator for self-renewal of murine embryonic stem cells." Stem cells and development 21.16 (2012): 3010-8. Web.

Abstract

In this study we present data to support the role for Cdk2ap2 in regulating self-renewal of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) under permissive conditi ... hese data begin to add to our understanding of how Cdk2ap2 may be involved in the regulation of self-renewal of stem cells during early embryogenesis.

In this study we present data to support the role for Cdk2ap2 in regulating self-renewal of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) under permissive conditions, and cell survival during differentiation of the mESCs into terminally differentiated cell types. To understand the function of Cdk2ap2 during early development, we generated mESCs with homozygous disruption of the endogenous Cdk2ap2 locus (Cdk2ap2(tr/tr)). The Cdk2ap2(tr/tr) mESCs, when grown in a complete growth medium containing leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), showed an early differentiation phenotype characterized by flattened colonies and a distinct intercellular boundary. We also observed downregulation of Nanog and upregulation in markers of mesoderm and endoderm differentiation, including Brachyury (T), Afp, and S100a, when compared to Wt mESCs. Cdk2ap2(tr/tr) mESCs were able to form embryoid bodies (EBs); however, those EBs were unhealthy and had an increased level of apoptosis. Furthermore, Cdk2ap2(tr/tr) mESCs were unable to form teratomas in severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice. Cdk2ap2 under normal conditions has a biphasic expression, suggesting regulatory roles in early-versus-late stem cell differentiation. These data begin to add to our understanding of how Cdk2ap2 may be involved in the regulation of self-renewal of stem cells during early embryogenesis.

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Fig-1
Fig 1. Deshpande, Khalid, et al. "Cdk2ap2 is a novel regulator for self-renewal of murine embryonic stem cells." Stem cells and development 21.16 (2012): 3010-8. Web.
Fig-1
Fig 1. Deshpande, Khalid, et al. "Cdk2ap2 is a novel regulator for self-renewal of murine embryonic stem cells." Stem cells and development 21.16 (2012): 3010-8. Web.

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Fig-2
Fig 2. Deshpande, Khalid, et al. "Cdk2ap2 is a novel regulator for self-renewal of murine embryonic stem cells." Stem cells and development 21.16 (2012): 3010-8. Web.
Fig-2
Fig 2. Deshpande, Khalid, et al. "Cdk2ap2 is a novel regulator for self-renewal of murine embryonic stem cells." Stem cells and development 21.16 (2012): 3010-8. Web.

Fig 2

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Fig-3
Fig 3. Deshpande, Khalid, et al. "Cdk2ap2 is a novel regulator for self-renewal of murine embryonic stem cells." Stem cells and development 21.16 (2012): 3010-8. Web.
Fig-3
Fig 3. Deshpande, Khalid, et al. "Cdk2ap2 is a novel regulator for self-renewal of murine embryonic stem cells." Stem cells and development 21.16 (2012): 3010-8. Web.

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Fig 4. Deshpande, Khalid, et al. "Cdk2ap2 is a novel regulator for self-renewal of murine embryonic stem cells." Stem cells and development 21.16 (2012): 3010-8. Web.
Fig-4
Fig 4. Deshpande, Khalid, et al. "Cdk2ap2 is a novel regulator for self-renewal of murine embryonic stem cells." Stem cells and development 21.16 (2012): 3010-8. Web.

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Fig-5
Fig 5. Deshpande, Khalid, et al. "Cdk2ap2 is a novel regulator for self-renewal of murine embryonic stem cells." Stem cells and development 21.16 (2012): 3010-8. Web.
Fig-5
Fig 5. Deshpande, Khalid, et al. "Cdk2ap2 is a novel regulator for self-renewal of murine embryonic stem cells." Stem cells and development 21.16 (2012): 3010-8. Web.

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Fig 6. Deshpande, Khalid, et al. "Cdk2ap2 is a novel regulator for self-renewal of murine embryonic stem cells." Stem cells and development 21.16 (2012): 3010-8. Web.
Fig-6
Fig 6. Deshpande, Khalid, et al. "Cdk2ap2 is a novel regulator for self-renewal of murine embryonic stem cells." Stem cells and development 21.16 (2012): 3010-8. Web.

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Fig 7. Deshpande, Khalid, et al. "Cdk2ap2 is a novel regulator for self-renewal of murine embryonic stem cells." Stem cells and development 21.16 (2012): 3010-8. Web.
Fig-7
Fig 7. Deshpande, Khalid, et al. "Cdk2ap2 is a novel regulator for self-renewal of murine embryonic stem cells." Stem cells and development 21.16 (2012): 3010-8. Web.

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